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Country Survey

The People's Republic of China is a country with a long history and ancient civilization. As early as 4,000 BC, there were settlements in the range of Yellow River. Chinese always tell their history from the Xia Dynasty, which began in the 21st century BC and was followed by all the dynasties until 1911 when Sun Yat-sen was proclaimed the president of the Republic of China. In 1921, the Communist Party of China was founded. After this, the communist cooperated with Sun Yat-sen's Nationalists, but broke with the Nationalist after Sun died. Then the Communist Party began to establish its army, called as Red Army. Shortly before the Anti-Japanese War (1936-1945) the Red Army formally established Through protracted and arduous struggle under the leadership of the party and her chairman, Mao Zedong, the Chinese people founded the People's Republic of China in 1949. After 1949, The People's Republic of China (also called as New China locally) experienced the Korea Wall with Americans, and about 10 years rapid growing period, and then suffered a 3-year long hard time because of natural disasters and withdraw of Soviet Union's aid. From 1966-1976 China had its "Cultural Revolution", a nation-wide movement against feudalism (also including religion) and capitalism. As a result, China's economy was stopped. After 1978, when Mr. Deng Xiaoping came into the top leader, China began a reform and opening program, and has enjoyed a 20 years of rapid development.

Constitution of the P.R. China    
The Ruling Party The Communist Party of China (CPC)
State Leader State President: Hu Jintao Premier: Wen Jiabao
Main Politic System of State The System of People's Congress
The System of Multi-Party Cooperation and Political Consultation
The System of Self-government of Ethnic Autonomous Areas The System of Legislation & Judiciary
State Organs The National People's Congress (NPC);
The National Political Consulting Council;
The State Council;
The Central Military Commission;
The Supreme People's Court;
The Supreme People's Procuratorate;
The people's congress at all levels;
Local governments at all levels;
Regional autonomous corporation/organs;
 
National Groups National Labor Union
Chinese Communist Youth Union
National Women Union
 
National Flag Five Star Red Flag 5 Star Red Flag
Emblem & Anthem Militia March  
Date of Establishment Oct 1, 1949  
Capital Beijing  
Currency RMB (Renminbi) CNYuan  
Territory 9.6 million square kilometers of land and 4.6 million square kilometers of sea area  
Administrative Divisions China has 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macao).
Provinces: Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Henai, Shanxi, Shanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shandong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Anhui, Hu'nai, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Jiangxi
Autonomous Regions of 5 Minorities: Xinjiang (the Uygur,), Inner Mongolia (the Mongolian), Tibet (the Tibetan), Ningxia (the Hui), Guangxi (the Zhuang)
Municipalities: Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Chongqing For the locations of these administrative divisions, please click MAP OF CHINA
Official Language Chinese Mandarin  
Armed Force The People's Liberation Army (PLA) (click here for more information.)  
National Flowers Peony & Plum Flower Peony
Civil Electrical Power 220 V 50 Hz  
Official Holidays & Working Hours Working Hours
8 Working Hours a day for Monday to Friday From 8:00 am to 5:00 pm or From 9:00 am to 6:00 pm, 1 hour for Day Break
Official Holidays
New Year's Day January 1
Spring Festival January 1 on Chinese lunar calendar
Women's Day: March 8
Tree Planting Day March 14
Tomb Sweeping Day About April 5 according to Twenty-four solar divisions on Chinese lunar calendar
Labor Day May 1
Youth Day May 4
Dragon Boat Day May 5 on Chinese lunar calendar
Nurses' Day May 12
Children's Day
June 1
Establishing Day of CPC July 1
Establishing Day of PLA August 1
Middle Autumn Day August 15 on Chinese lunar calendar
Teachers' Day September 10
National Day October 1
Memorial days
Comsumer Complaint Day: March 15
Lugouqiao Incident Day: July 7 (Anti 鈥 Japanese Invasion)

 

 


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