As the most metropolitan city in China, Shanghai's transporation is very convenient. Shanghai can be reachable by air, by land and by water. Shanghai local public transport means includes: public bus, taxi and Magnetic suspension train.
Its two international airports of Pudong International Airport (PVG) and Hongqiao International Airport (SHA) are modern and convenient. Pudong International Airport now mainly handles international flights, while Hongqiao mainly handles domestic flights. Shuttle buses connect both airports to the city and beyond, while passengers arriving at Pudong International Airport can very quickly connect to the city's Metro system via the Maglev Demonstration Line.
Shanghai is the only city in China which has two interdomestic airports. There are a great number of flights departing for or from Shanghai, of which the Pu Dong Air Port takes up 60% and the Rainbow Bridge Air Port 40%. There is no exact division of labor between the two airports except that the Pu Dong Airport caters to the interdomestic flights. The two airports are connected by the "Guest Road" (A1Road) and the beltway (A20 Road) of Shanghai both of which take us 45 minutes by car. There are many ways to Pu Dong Airport from the city as follows:
1. Take No 2 subway to the Long Yang station and then take No 3 Airport Line to the airport within 40 minutes.
2. Drive to the airport directly along inner-ring road, Luo Hill Road, the Beltway Road (A20Road), and the “Guest Road” (A1 Road).
3. Get to the Long Yang Road first and then take a taxi to the airport which costs you about 80 Yuan.
If you want to go to the Rainbow Bridge Airport, besides the seven special lines to the airports, you can drive along the Yan’an Skyway and to the end of it. Or you can take a taxi from the People’s Square which will take you 40Yuan.
Another important transportation to Pu Dong Airport is the magnetic suspension train. The details are as follows:
Operating time: 7:00am-21:00pm with intervals of 15 minutes
Address: Long Yang Station. No 2100 Long Yang Road (near the Bai Yang Road, No3 and No4 exit of the Long Yang Station along No2 subway, the fifth line of the Nan Pu Bridge, The sixth line of the Nan Pu Bridge, the Shenjiang Line.)
The maglev airport stop: the east side of the waiting room of the Shanghai Pudong interdomestic airport (connected directly with 300-metered corridor)
The ticket: ordinary ticket: 50RMB for one-way ticket, 80RMB for return ticket
VIP ticket: 100 RMB for one-way ticket, 160RMB for return ticket
Pu Dong International Airport
With an area of 40 square kilometers, Pudong interdomestic airport is in the eastern part of Shanghai, 30km from the center of the city and 40km from the Rainbow Bridge Airport. After the finish of the First-step reform project, the Pudong Airport will be of the capacity of 300,000 aircraft handling and treat 36,500,000 passengers which can satisfy the need before the second waiting room was put into use in 2008.
At present, the Pudong Airport has the flight of 560 per day which accounts for about 60% of the whole Shanghai Airport. There are 48 airliners home and abroad establishing connection with Pudong Airport and the flying lines cover 73 interdomestic cities and areas and 62 cities in China. There are flights directly to L.S, New York, San Francisco, Seattle, Ankh, Rich, Fukuoka, Nagasaki, Nagoya, Osaka, Tokyo, Bangkok, Brussels, Frankfurt, Madrid, Paris, Singapore, Kasha, Rome and other big cities. Besides, there are also district ional flights from Shanghai to Hong Kong and Macaw.
Shanghai Railway Station and Shanghai South Railway Station are the primary railway ports of the city. Travelers can get to Shanghai from virtually any city in China, arriving in one or the other of these stations. There are also tourist trains and 'Holiday Trains' that travel to Huangshan (Anhui Province) and Wuyishan (Fujian Province).
The Hu Ning (between shanghai and Ningbo) and the Hu Hang (between shanghai and Hangzhou) railways lead shanghai to the other places of China. There are shanghai station (locally called the new station), the west station in shanghai (the former Zhen Ru station) and shanghai south station(the former new Long Hua station) among which shanghai station to be the main station with 70 couples of trains coming from and going to the big and middle cities in China. In the west station, there are departure trains to Yan Tai and Zao Zhuang (in Shan Dong province), Gan Zhou (in Jiang Xi province), Cheng Du (in Si Chuan) and 8 couples of passing trains as well as the rail line from shanghai to Zhang Jia Jie (a tourism place in Hu Nan province) directly. At the south station, there are 11 couples of arriving trains and departure trains between shanghai and Hangzhou, JiaShan and the Gold Mountain.
The layout of the main hall of the shanghai station is "two doors in south and north, elevated railway". The station is modern with a set of advanced guiding system for travelers, together with 16 air-conditioned rooms and 7 auto staircase. There are north square and south square around the station with "the first south exit", "the second south exit" and "the north exit" as well as a passage to the subway. The bus stations near the square are available. Address: No.303 Mo Ling Road.
MeiLong station in shanghai
The MeiLong Station is a bus-liked station in shanghai with four scheduled trains to Hangzhou. The travelers are allowed to buy ticket after getting on the train and reach the east station in Hang Zhou in one hour. In convenience of the travelers, the MeiLong Station is connected directly with No1 subway. Address: Mei Long, Shanghai. Travelers should first go to JinJiang Merryland station by No.1 subway.
The West Station
some trains from shanghai to BaoTou (in Nei Meng Gu province), Qi Qi Haer (in Ha er Bin province), Yan Tai (in Shandong province), ChangChun (in Ji lin province), HengYang (in Hunan province) and some trains to GuangZhou (in Guangdong province), Ningbo (in Zhejiang province) and the west station of Nanjing (in Jiangsu province) will depart from here. Address: No1 Tao Pu Road. Travelers can reach there by bus No.106, 129.
By Long Distance Bus
Long-distance buses are also convenient when traveling to Shanghai, but most foreign travelers reserve this form of travel for short distances to nearby cities (Hangzhou, Suzhou, Wuxi and Ningbo).
The main highways in shanghai are as follows:
(1)The three national roads line 312(from shanghai to Yi Ning, Xin Jiang), line 318(from shanghai to ZhangMu, Tibet) and line 320 (from shanghai to RuiLi, Yunnan) lead to the western part of China.
(2) The national road 204(Tongjiang, Hei Longjiang—San Ya, Hai Nan) which passing shanghai goes through most of the beautiful cities along the coastline of eastern China.
(3) The Hu ning (A11 Road), Hu Hang (A8 Road), Hu jialiu (a12 Road), Hu qingping (A9 Road) connected the main cities around shanghai.
Kind reminder: So many long distance bus stations in shanghai help a lot for those who go to Jiangsu, Zhejiang areas and the bus tickets are available ahead of time within three days.
The address of the main long distance bus station:
No.1662 Zhong xing Road. (The north square of shanghai station)
Tele: 021-66051111 021-66050000
By Waterway (Boat)
Transportation via Shanghai's waterways is extremely convenient mostly due to its location on the estuary of the Yangtze River and the East China Sea. Passenger boats to Chengsi Island in Zhejiang province, Changxing Island, Chongming Island and Hengsha Island still run daily. There are also international passenger ship lines that travel to Ichon and Pusan of South Korea, as well as Osaka and Kobe of Japan.
Located in the center of the north and south coast line of China, shanghai is the biggest port city in China and the third largest port in the world. The steamers there are connected with more than 400 ports in the world. Because of the speed, the steamer business is not quite brilliant with only some of them running like the steamer to Dalian, Shen yang at the interval of 4 days from the Fair Road dock while the other long distance shipping along the coastline have been stopped. There are scheduled steamers to near places like Nan Tong, Ding Hai and Pu Tuo at sixteenth Pu wharf. If you want to go to Zhou Shan islands, you should first take a bus at sixteenth Pu and to Lu Chao port or Gold Mountain port to board a steamer. Travelers going to Chang Xing Island and HengSha Island should board the steamer at WuSong dock. Make the boarding place clear before going to Chong Ming Island. Besides, travelers who want to Inchon and Pusan in Korea or Osaka and Kobe in Japan would board the interdomestic steamer at the Out Rainbow wharf.
1. Public bus
There are more than 1,000 bus lines in shanghai city and about 50 bus lines are being opened, adjusted or lengthened every year.
Grouped by time, there are daytime buses, the rush hour buses in the morning and afternoon headed with 2 of the license number and the night buses headed with 3.
Grouped by tickets, there are no-conductor buses with one Yuan ticket (within 13 km) or 1.5 Yuan ticket (more than 13 km), air-conditioned buses with 2 Yuan ticket and special lined buses with multiple tickets.
The main transit centers in the city are Shanghai station, people’s square, Xu Jiahui area, Zhong Shan Park and the five-pointed square. People can design the bus lines with computers. Details are in Shanghai traffic: www.jt.sh.ch and City traffic: www.chinaquest.com
2. Shanghai Taxi
Travelers can bargain down the price during the night and can share a taxi together for several people. If there is a waiting time, the driver will charge you as one meter’s cost for each five minutes.
The charge is shown in the following table
More Than 10KM
3. Magnetic suspension train
The demonstration line of the maglev train is the important project of the shanghai traffic development during the tenth five-year development period of the nation and is also the first maglev train used in business in the world with the function of transporting, displaying, tourism and sightseeing. The magnetic suspension train is from Long Yang Stop of the No.2 subway in the west to Pu Dong International Airport in the east which eased the heavy traffic between the city and Pudong Airport. The whole line was 30km long, including the upper departing line and the lower arriving line with the speed of 430km/h. it will cost us 8 minutes for a single line. Since March, 29th, 2004, the magnetic suspension train has adjusted the running time. In former time, the train works half a day during work time and a whole day at weekend. Nowadays, it opens from 8:30am to 5:30 pm everyday at the interval of 20 minutes with 54 schedules in total.
In order to embody the advantage of the magnetic suspension train, the department has taken some measures like the passengers are entitled to a 80% discount of the single train ticket by showing the air ticket of that day that is 40 Yuan for an ordinary ticket and 80Yuan for the VIP ticket. Meanwhile, accompanied by adults, children who are less than 1.2 meters are free. The ticket is valid that day and other times invalid. Travelers should get the tickets examined 20 minutes ahead of the time printed on the ticket s the examination would stop 5minutes before the maglev train starting.