A Chinese visa is a permit issued by Chinese visa authorities to non-Chinese citizens for entry into, exit from and transit through China.. There are eight categories of ordinary Chinese visas, which are respectively marked with the letters C, D, F, G, J-1, J-2, L, X and Z.
All foreigners must take their valid passports with them when entering China. They should also apply for a visa in China's diplomatic institutions, consular offices and Chinese institutions authorized by the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs. After they have obtained such visas, foreigners can travel in all the open cities across China.
Passports are also needed as it will be the prime means of identification. You will have to show them when you cash traveler's checks, make plane or train reservations, exchange money or establish the holder's identity.
A Brief Introduction to Chinese Visa - Chinese visa is a permit issued by the Chinese visa authorities to those foreigners who want to enter into, exit from or transit through the Chinese territory. Port visa is a necessary supplement in handling visa by Chinese diplomatic institutions stationed abroad, and enables those foreigners who want to enter China for emergency matters but fail to apply for a visa before hand, to obtain a visa in the port at where they arrive.
To provide convenience for foreigners who come to China on matter of urgency, China has set up port visa institutions in some open cities and regions. Foreigners, having letters or telegrams authorized by Chinese units, passports of countries with diplomatic relations or official trade relations with China, and must come to China at once but have no time to apply for a visa at Chinese diplomatic institutions stationed abroad, may apply for a visa at ports designated by the relative institutes of the Chinese government. No visa is necessary for foreign passengers with through tickets who transit China by international flight or passengers who stay in China's airports for less than 24 hours.
The types of visas can be classified into: diplomatic visa, courteous visa, service visa and general visa according to the status and types of passports held by aliens coming to China. Among them, general visas are divided into nine sub-categories, which are respectively marked with Chinese phonetic letters F, L, Z, X, C, J-1, J-2, G, and D.
Visit / Business Visa (F): Issued to those foreigners who are invited to China for visit, research, lecture, business, scientific-technological and cultural exchanges or short-term advanced studies or intern practice for a period of less than six months.
Tourism Visa (L): Issued to those who enter China temporarily for touring, family visiting or other personal affairs (multiple-entry is not granted for this category).
Working Visa (Z): Issued to foreigners who are to take up a post or employment in China, and their accompanying family members.
Study / Student Visa (X): Issued to those who come to China for study or intern practice for a period of six months or above.
Crewmember Visa (C): Issued to crewmembers on international aviation, navigation and land transportation missions and their accompanying family members.
Journalist Visa (J-1): This visa is for journalists who are posted to China for at least one year. Journalist Visa (J-2): Issued to foreign correspondents on temporary interview mission in China.
Transit Visa (G): Issued to those who transit through China.
Residence Visa (D): Issued to people who are going to live in China permanently.
Detailed information of Chinese visa
Visa Categories Entries of Visas Validity Duration of Stay
Journalist Visa (J-1) Single 3 months /
Journalist Visa (J-2) Single / /
Study / Student Visa (X) Single 3 months /
Residence Visa (D) Single 3 months /
Tourist Visa (L) Single / Double 3 months 1-60 days
Crewmember Visa (C) Single / Double 3 months 1- 30 days
Transit Visa (G) Single / Double 3 months 7 days
Visit / Business Visa (F) Single / Double / Multiple 3 months 6 / 12 months 1-60 days